Subject-verb agreement is a grammatical rule that states that the subject and verb in a sentence must agree in number. This means that if the subject is singular, the verb should be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb should be plural. Understanding subject-verb agreement is crucial in communicating clearly and effectively in written and verbal communication, especially for writers who want to create content that is optimized for search engines.
Here are some examples to illustrate subject-verb agreement:
Example 1: The dog barks.
In this sentence, the subject (dog) is singular, and the verb (barks) is also singular. The singular verb agrees with the singular subject.
Example 2: The dogs bark.
In this sentence, the subject (dogs) is plural, and the verb (bark) is also plural. The plural verb agrees with the plural subject.
Example 3: The bird and the cat play together.
In this sentence, there are two subjects (bird and cat) joined by the conjunction “and.” When there are multiple subjects connected by “and,” the verb should also be plural. Therefore, the correct verb in this sentence is “play.”
Example 4: Either the boy or the girl is going to the party.
In this sentence, there are two subjects (boy and girl) separated by the conjunction “or.” When there are two subjects separated by “or,” the verb should agree with the subject that is closest to the verb. In this case, “girl” is singular, so the verb “is” agrees with the singular subject.
Example 5: The group of students is preparing for their exams.
In this sentence, the subject (group) is singular, but the object pronoun (their) is plural. This is an example of a common mistake in subject-verb agreement. The correct sentence should be, “The group of students is preparing for its exams.”
In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is an essential grammatical rule to follow when writing and speaking. It is necessary to ensure clear and effective communication in any form of written or verbal communication. By following these examples and guidelines, one can create high-quality content that is optimized for search engines and comprehensible to the target audience.